The architecture of the Philippines is a reflection of the history and heritage of the country and it was dominated by the Spanish influences. My Professor tackled about ” baroque architecture “, and after that he gave us an activity related on what he tackled for, I wonder that here in the Philippines have a baroque style of many religious building specially in manila part. The cosmopolitan atmosphere and cultural diversity of Manila is reflected in the number of places of worship scattered around the city. The freedom of worship in the Philippines, which have existed since the creation of the republic. Being the seat of the Spanish colonial government in past centuries, it has been used as the base of numerous Roman Catholic missions to the Philippines, like Quiapo church, also known as minor basilica of the black Nazarene, Sta. Cruz church, Binondo church also known as a china town, and San Agustin Church. Our professor want us to explore and to distinguished the religious building that dominated by the Spanish and have baroque and renaissance style. I also agree in my prof that he will push us to explore in different historical place in manila, for us to learn more about the history of our own religious buidings and also to enhance our knowledge in many things specially in our own country.
According to the webpage Wikipedia.com, for me to analyzed and to understand what baroque architecture is. Baroque architecture is a term used to describe the building style of the Baroque era, begun in late sixteenth century Italy, that took the Roman vocabulary of Renaissance Architecture and used it in a new rhetorical and theatrical fashion, often to express the triumph of the Catholic Church and the absolutist state.
Baroque Architecture was dramatic, rich, grand and alive.
Quiapo Church, minor basilica of the black Nazarene
Main Altar of the Church
Interior of Quiapo Church
The original foundations of the church were built in 1582 made from bamboo and nipa. Quiapo church today was a result of the continuous rebuilding and molding since it was burned in 1639, partially destroyed by an earthquake of 1863 and it was caught in a fire in 1928. The Baroque style and Renaissance it felt a strong attraction to buildings that are inclined to the religious Christian style of architecture. The church was renovated and some of the columns are gone. The trusses are quite attractive and unique as well.
Sta. Cruz Church
Next is Sta. Cruz church the facade of the church is more well maintained. It would seem that the church has already gone through several renovations. As you can see the present building of the church, it was designed to reflect the architecture of that period. The church’s tower however, is comprised of a series of sections.The interior of the church is quite interesting, for one thing, there are no posts to block the view of the congregation. Their shape and dimensions are reminiscent of the composition of other Asiatic styles of architecture. As I enter the church the altar was quite awesome by the dramatic lighting in altar.
The Binondo Church, also known as Minor Basilica of St. Lorenzo Ruiz
Interior of Binondo Church
The original structure of the Binondo Church, formally known as Our Lady of the Most Holy Rosary Parish or The Minor Basilica and National Shrine of San Lorenzo Ruiz, was constructed in 1596. Founded by Dominican friars, it is one of the oldest places of Christian worship in the Philippines. As you can see in the exterior facade of Binondo church, it is one of the oldest places and religious building in the Philippines. Before the war, it was considered as one of the most beautiful churches in the country. Its bell tower was composed of five stories, octagonal in shape. At its top was a viewing window. This roof was destroyed during the 1863 in earthquake. Upon entering the church it was amazing, I was so impressed by the frescoes painted of the ceiling, the flooring and all the materials that have been used was unique and also the altar was amazing I’m very impressed by the details of the altar.
San Agustin Church
San Agustin Church originally known as “inglesia de San Pablo“, founded in 1571, it was designated as part of world heritage site the baroque architecture in the Philippines, it is the oldest stone church (built in 1589) in the Philippines. It is the first European stone church to be built in the Philippines designed in Spanish architectural structure. In the interior of the church you can see there the featuring antique vestments, colonial furniture, and religious paintings and icons of the church. It has magnificent murals covering the walls and the ceiling, you really have to see them to understand the work that must have gone into them to create such an incredible piece of art